Malaysia is one of the most rapidly urbanising countries in Asia, with more than 70% of the population living in urban areas. The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions levels in Malaysia are high compared with other countries at similar stages of development. More than half of Malaysia’s emission sources are directly related to urban settings, with emissions mainly coming from the energy sector (76%), the waste sector (12%) and the industrial processes sector (6%). The electricity and transportation sub-sectors are the biggest contributors to emissions from the energy sector.
Malaysia and its cities must decouple its economic growth and GHG emissions or risk being locked into unsustainable development pathways. Though a national goal to limit carbon emissions has been set, major barriers still limit the widespread adoption of low carbon integrated development for Malaysian cities. These include: